Needle stick injury risk assessment

Guideline 'Needle stick injuries': risk assessment and post-exposure management in practice The objective of the national guideline 'Needle stick injuries' is to make the assessment of needle stick injuries more structured and uniform. The injury is classified as high risk or low risk according to the volume of blood transmitted Risk assessment and needlestick injuries Introduction The health of workers, particularly those in the health and welfare sectors, is at risk from exposure to blood-borne pathogens at work, often through an injury sustained by a worker. Such injuries are of concern as they can caus

[Guideline 'Needlestick injuries': risk assessment and

with Needle Stick Injuries. 5.7 Management in Emergency Department 5.7.1 Triage in the Emergency Department - assess degree of urgency - use resource pack for ED (Appendix 3 - Resource Pack for Emergency Department). 5.7.2 Take incident details 5.7.3 Confirm if injury is high risk (Appendix 2 - Needle Stick Injury and Othe Needle Stick Injury and Other Exposure Incident Form If the patient is unconscious when the injury occurs, consent should be sought once the patient has regained full consciousness. If the incident is considered high risk the injured person can take prophylactic treatment until consent has been obtained and the blood result known Approximately 0.3% risk of seroconversion after needle stick injury. This risk varies with type of needle (hollow vs solid), type of injury (superficial vs intravenous etc), contamination (visible blood present on needle) and viral load of patient. Approximately 0.09% risk of seroconversion after exposure of mucous membrane or open skin The risk control measures identified by the risk assessment should follow the hierarchical approach in the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) 2002: Preventing the risk of exposure . Your primary duty is to prevent exposure to the risk of a sharps injury. Controlling the risk of exposur

1.0 Flow chart - emergency management of Needlesticks Injuries 4 2.0 Policy Statement 5 3.0 Definitions 6 4.0 Roles and Responsibilities 6 5.0 Risk Assessment and Risk Control 8 6.0 Safe Sharps Practice 8 7.0 Management of Needlestick Incident and Accidents 9 8.0 Training and Promotion of Safe Sharps Practice 1 MANAGEMENT OF NEEDLE STICK INJURIES & ACCIDENTS INVOLVING EXPOSURE TO BLOOD AND BODY FLUIDS Definition Exposure of the skin or mucous membranes to blood or other body fluid from any risk assessment and then reported to Occupational Health at the earliest opportunity. (next working day) N.B

E-Fact 40: Risk Assessment and Needlestick Injuries OSH

  1. ated with blood or body fluid • needlestick with non-conta
  2. received training in the use of any sharps, and a safety device risk assessment has been undertaken. Please see appendix E for roles and responsibilities for immediate management of a needlestick injury. 5. Definitions. There are no particular definitions requiring explanation. 6 Prevention and Management of Needlestick Injuries and Blood Born
  3. Risk: The likelihood and consequence of a potential injury or harm occurring. Risk assessment: The overall process of estimating the magnitude of a risk arising from a hazard, before deciding what actions will be taken. Risk control: The phase of risk management that involves implementing policies
  4. Hepatitis C remains biggest risk from needle stick injury (~49% of IVDUs have Hep C) See information box below for HIV risk of transmission . Blood Borne Virus guideline non-staff patients, for use in the ED. After assessment his exposure was deemed *SIGNIFICANT / NON-SIGNIFICAN
  5. Needlestick (NSI) or similar injury has the potential to cause serious harm and NHS GG&C is committed to ensuring that the risk of injury from Sharps is reduced to the lowest possible level. This will be achieved by promoting safe sharp practice and the use of safe sharp devices Further guidance on this ca
  6. The most significant risk from needlestick injuries and exposures is the transmission of blood borne viruses. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Hepatitis B; Hepatitis C; Sexual exposure to blood borne viruses requires a similar process of risk assessment, appropriate testing, and decisions regarding post exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

Further help and information about testing source patients is found on pages 20 and 21 (Appendices 5 and 6) of the Needlestick Injuries policy. NEXT. If the risk assessment on the needlestick incident is 'high risk', the person who received the injury should go to A+E immediately and inform the triage nurse Assess the risk of needlestick injuries for individual tasks. All work areas and tasks should be assessed. Determine how many and which workers could be exposed. Carry out inspections, observe, evaluate current existing precautions. Talk to members of your work group - ask co-workers whether they have found needles, ensure these are reported The findings of the risk assessment should be documented using the Generic Risk Assessment format detailed in Appendix 54, and contain the action plan to reduce the risks of injury. The risk assessment can be department / wardbased, or refer to one secular - practice if required. The results of the risk assessment should be shared with all. Needle stick injury. Needle stick injury is defined as any percutaneous injury, penetration of skin resulting from a needle or other sharp object, which has been in contact with blood, tissue, or other body fluids prior to the exposure 1).The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 600,000-1,000,000 needle stick injuries occur annually 2) Risk Assessment Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Central one 20443Re2019-06 General Exposure Information Date of Exposure (yyyy-Mon-dd) Time of Exposure (hh:mm) Patient Phone Number Was the Patient exposed to blood, blood-containing body fluid, semen or vaginal fluid via broken skin or o

Hospital eTool: Healthcare Wide Hazards - Needlestick

  1. In Case of Needle Stick Injury. Wash and clean injury/flush mucous membranes immediately. Assess risk Characterize exposure; Evaluate exposure by medical history (see attached questionnaire) Evaluate and test exposed individuals; Perform Quick HIV test - this test is usually available at your nearest hospital ER
  2. Needlestick Reporting Monitoring form Was the injury Superficial (little or no bleeding) Document the risk assessment outcome on form 1A. RECORD IN SOURCE PATIENT NOTE THAT THE ASSESSMENT HAS BEEN COMPLETED. DO NOT DOCUMENT THE ASSESSMENT OUTCOME i.e high, medium,.
  3. ation and Engineering Controls Eli
  4. Needlestick injuries should be preventable if staff are trained effectively and take care about disposal of used syringes and needles. Staff at risk must be offered pre-exposure vaccination for hepatitis B and resources must be provided for special training
  5. Abstract Risk of needlestick injury from injecting needles. Nursing Times; 108: 40, 12-16 EU legislation to reduce needlestick injury and consequent infections will come into force in May 2013. The law will oblige healthcare organisations to take measures to prevent needlestick injuries to staff, and strongly recommends the use of safety
  6. 2.2. Prevention of an Exposure Incident/Needlestick Injury . Most exposure incidents and needlestick injuries can be prevented by taking the appropriate precautions: 2.2.1. Assess the patient's readiness and ability to cooperate to allow the injection. Request that the patient remain calm and avoid sudden movements. Request assistance if.

Needlestick injury - Department of Healt

NEEDLE STICK INJURIES Sharps injuries are the most frequent occupational hazard faced by nurses, phlebotomists, doctors and other healthcare workers1. Research has shown 40-75% underreporting of these injuries2. Accidental exposure to blood by healthcare workers is frighteningly common. In 2001 over 69% of interns working at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospita Risk Factors for HIV Transmission After Percutaneous Exposure to HIV-Infected Blood: Risk Factor Adjusted Odds ratio (95% CI) Deep injury 15 (6.0-41) Visible blood on device 6.2 (2.2-21) Procedure involving needle 4.3 (1.7-12) placed in artery or vein Terminal illness in source patient 5.6 (2.0-16 2. After a Needlestick injury (NSI) / other type of sharps injury or contamination incident there is a risk of transmission of Blood Borne Viruses (BBV) from affected patients to health care workers (HCW) (and vice versa to a lesser extent) and the incidents must therefore be managed correctly

risks associated with needlestick injury and protocols are generally managed by occupational health departments. The guidance suggests that following a needlestick injury a risk assessment should be performed by a designated doctor. This doctor may be another member of the clinical team responsible for the source patient but shoul (including needlestick and sharps injuries, sexual exposure and human bites) where there is a risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses and other infectious diseases Guidelines for the Emergency Management of Injuries and Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) toolkit Report of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Health Protection Surveillance.

Needle stick injuries are a reality for people who regularly use needles, like nurses and lab workers. It also can happen if you handle trash, even if it's not medical waste Risks following needlestick injuries. Potentially any infection can be transmitted from a bacteraemia or viraemia, but the main infections of concern are blood-borne viruses: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) - 30% risk of transmission. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) - 3% risk of transmission. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - 0.3% risk of transmission

Needle Stick Exposure Protocol Iowa Head and Neck Protocol

  1. The Ultimate Guide to Needlestick Injury. Needlestick injuries are wounds caused by needles that accidentally puncture the skin.Needlestick injuries are a hazard for people who work with hypodermic syringes and other needle equipment.. These injuries can occur at any time when people use, disassemble, or dispose of needles.. Sharps injuries are a well-known risk in the health and social care.
  2. To improve on reducing the risk of injury and to provide improved protection for nurses and health care workers exposed to the risk of needlestick and other sharps injuries guidelines were produced from the European Union which is the European Directive (Council Directive 2010/32/EU)
  3. risk of needlestick and other sharps injuries. The European Directive (Council Directive 2010/32/EU) to prevent injuries and infections to health care workers from sharps is a major step forward in this campaign. The Directive was transposed into UK Regulations in May 2013 namely, The Health and Safety (Sharp Instruments in Healthcare
  4. Needle-stick injuries put health workers at risk of infection and, in many cases, these injuries are underreported. It is important to make sure health care workers in your facility are trained in sharps injury prevention, as accidents can easily occur if safety practices are not routinely and rigorously followed

Needlestick injury Our role is to develop and assist in the implementation of the UWA safety, health and wellbeing programs in order to minimise the risk of injury, illness and property damage. We provide consultancy and other services to promote best practice and legislative compliance in all University and related activities The purpose of this information sheet is to provide guidance on the correct use and disposal of needles and syringes and action to be taken following a needlestick injury. This should be used as a starting point to assist with the implementation of appropriate risk control measures for the respective task(s) Initial assessment of needlestick injuries should be conducted according to the above flowchart, which is also available as a separate document (Needlestick Injury Care & Risk Assessment Flowchart). Priorities are: 1. Appropriate wound care. 2. Assessing if a Significant Exposure has occurred (requires both a high-risk fluid and high-risk.

Sharps injuries - What you need to d

control the risk of injury/harm GUIDANCE FOR PREVENTION Assess the risk of needlestick injuries for individual tasks Employees who clean or service public areas, are likely to be at risk as well as employees whose work involves putting them in contact with syringes and needles. Any information of previous finds would be relevant to the assessment The risk of contracting HBV infection through occupational exposure ranges from 18% to 30%, depending on the type of exposure, the body fluid involved and the infectivity of the source. 4 Specifically, percutaneous injuries with hollow-bored, blood-filled needles from a patient positive with HBeAg carry the highest risk of infection at 37-62%. 5 7 A study of 100 nurse, undertaken by Leliopoulou et al in 1999, identified that the majority of those surveyed considered the risk of a needlestick injury to be 'unlikely' or 'very remote'. Data from the RCN survey identified a nearly two-fold increase in the incidence of reported sharps between the first and second study periods (RCN. Answer. CDC three-step risk assessment. Assess necessity for HIV or chemoprophylaxis (antiretrovirals) based on an assessment of the risk by using the 3-step process developed by the Centers for. to needle-stick injuries affecting members of the public. Though these incidents are unusual, when they do occur they can promote a lot of anxiety in those who have sustained the injury or, in the case of young children, their parents. As each incident must be subject to an individual risk assessment, standar

Needlestick Injury - RCEMLearnin

needle stick injuries with the highest risk of transmission occurring with Hepatitis B. Under The Workplace Safety and Health Amendment Act, Section 45.1(3), the employer must develop procedures to be followed in a medical workplace when a worker suffers a needle stick injury, including instructions for the worker suffering the injury Where it is not possible to identify the source patient (for example, needlestick injury caused by a discarded needle), a risk assessment should be conducted to determine whether the exposure was. The risk of acquiring HIV following a needle stick or cut exposure to an infected source is currently estimated at 0.3% (1 in 300). The risk after exposure of the eye, nose, or mouth to blood infected with HIV is estimated to be approximately 0.1% (1 in 1,000) Inoculation Injuries and Children in Schools and similar settings: Risk Assessment Guidelines for Health Protection Units Version 1.0 8 3.4.2 Overall risk following needlestick type injury with another UK born child of unknown status as the source Estimates of risk of infection following needlestick injury contaminated wit In an older study, carried out by Germanaud J (1994), it was demonstrated that the risk of hepatitis transmission from needle stick injuries varies from 0 - 3 %. In another study, (Published in, J Gastroenterol, 2003) the researchers studied 684 subjects who had got a needle stick injury from a hepatitis C positive patient

The risk of acquiring HIV from a hollow-bore needle with blood from a known HIV-seropositive source as a result of occupational needle stick injury is between 0.2% and 0.5%, based on prospective studies . In most reported instances involving transmission of HIV, the needle stick injury occurred within seconds or minutes after the needle was. The majority of needlestick injuries can be avoided (HSE 2009). It is not possible to completely eliminate the risk of exposure to blood and body fluids. 1.3. The risk of Needlestick and Sharps injuries can be minimised by a combination of: ♦ . Training . ♦ . Safer working practices . ♦ . Use of medical devices incorporating sharps. There is now considerable experience, and a number of established guidelines, on the management of occupational needle-stick injuries. [1,2] Risk assessment in the occupational setting is often.

Needlestick Injuries oneH

Estimates of the risk of BBV transmission following needlestick with a used needle from an injecting drug user are given in appendix 1. Following such an injury, basic first aid should be carried out (see appendix 2) and, after an initial assessment to confirm that a significant injury has ocurred, the patient should be referred to the. Needlestick injuries. Healthcare workers also suffer from a very high rate of needlestick injury. Commonly affected populations are doctors, nurses and medical/nursing students. Studies have shown that of all occupational exposures, 35% occur among persons in training and 27% among experienced nurses. A needlestick injury is the penetration of the skin by a hypodermic needle or other sharp object that has been in contact with blood, tissue or other body fluids before the exposure. Even though the acute physiological effects of a needlestick injury are generally negligible, these injuries can lead to transmission of blood-borne diseases, placing those exposed at increased risk of infection.

Needlestick Injuries - OHS Rep

Ben jij werkgever en wil je je medewerkers helpen om inzicht te krijgen in hun loopbaan? Laten we samen kijken hoe we je medewerkers verder kunnen brengen. Het Loopbaaninsitituut Needlestick injuries (NSI) are injuries caused by a needle head or a piece of broken ampule or other sharp object contaminated with blood or body secretions [].Occupational contact with blood and body fluids, followed by blood-borne infections, poses a significant risk to healthcare personnel [].At least 20 pathogenic pathogens can be transmitted following these injuries [3, 4] Needle stick injury. Key Information. Appropriate Tests. Assessment of health care worker or patient, contaminated with blood or body fluids via. See also Hepatitis B virus infection, Hepatitis C virus infection, HIV infection (and HTLV-1 in central Australia). Exposed and/or injured individual should have baseline testing for previous or.

After a needlestick exposure to an infected patient, a HCW's risk of infection depends on the pathogen involved, the immune status of the worker, the severity of the injury, and the availability and use of appropriate post-exposure prophylaxis. CDC data suggests that the rate of transmis-sion to HCWs after a needlestick exposure for HBV, HCV an relation to undertaking a risk assessment and management of an injured HCW following a needle-stick/sharps injury at work • Understand the rationale for consenting source patients for BBV testing (including children) • Acknowledge the importance of communication and Monday, December 01, 2014BBV follow up Needle stick Injury. On this page: Needle stick Injury If, after a risk assessment, the doctor thinks there is a high risk that you may have been exposed to Hepatitis B or HIV, you may receive Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to prevent the infection, however, in most cases, this will not be necessary.. Dissertation 90033 Managing the Risk of Needlestick Injury in U.A.E. Hospitals 3 / 109 Abstract Healthcare sector is a field full of risks; hence, risk management is an important concern i

Where identified by the risk assessment process, employees at risk must be familiar with this policy. Risk Assessment Managers and Supervisors must ensure that if employees are likely to be involved in handling or disposal of needlesticks/sharps in the course of their duties, it is identified in the generic risk assessment for the employee group Risk assessment. The first documented case of HIV seroconversion following a needlestick occurred in 1984. 21 Since then, surveillance of occupationally acquired HIV infection has been established. (needlestick) injury and 1 in 1,000 for mucous membrane exposure. The risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus from a hepatitis B antigen positive source is approximately 1 in 3, for an unvaccinated individual. Vaccination is A risk assessment should be made based on the significance of the exposure Needlestick Injury; HIV Exposure; Indications. Quantify HIV risk associated with Needle Stick in healthcare providers; Precautions. Non-validated and initially created in 2003; Does not include viral load data in decision making. Undetectable viral load virtually eliminates risk from Needlestick Injury; Criteria: Source Population (A This final route is known as a needle stick or sharps injury. The employer must ensure that there is a risk management system in place to protect the safety, health and welfare of employees and to provide a safe working environment. Further Information. Sharps Regulations 201

If a needlestick injury occurs in the setting of an infected patient source, the risk of disease transmission varies for HIV, HBV, and HCV (see Table 3, p. 19). In general, risk for seroconversion is increased with a deep injury, an injury with a device visibly contaminated with the source patient's blood, or an injury involving a needle. Risk of exposure when source person is HIV positive Factors increasing risk; Percutaneous ~ 1/435 episodes (0.23%) Hollow bore needle, visibly bloody device, deep injury, and device used in an artery/vein: Mucous membrane ~ 1/1000 episodes (0.09%) Large volume: Cutaneous < 1/1000 episodes (0.09%) Must involve non-intact ski the risk of occupational HIV acquisition following a needlestick injury.[11] In this report, investigators performed a case-control study of needlestick injuries involving health care workers and demonstrated that zidovudine PEP, which was typically taken for at least 4 weeks, reduced the risk of seroconversion by 81% i A-1 Baseline Program Assessment Worksheet Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens from needlesticks and other sharps injuries is a serious problem, but it is often preventable. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that each year 385,000 needlesticks and other sharps

Needle stick injury definition, diagnosis, management

  1. ated needlestick/sharps injuries and splash exposures
  2. Because of this, the results of the risk assessment will . 2 Francis DiStefano . be valuable to understanding needlestick injuries and risk factors for all fire-fighter-EMTs and paramedics. Statement of the Problem . The problem addressed by this risk assessment and creation of this SOP is the risk o
  3. ated syringe will be far worse than for a needle containing a radioactive but sterile product. In situations where it is necessary to recap needles during a blood labelling process then this will have to be factored in to the risk assessment with clear.
  4. Sharps are a cause of skin penetrating (needle-stick or sharps) injuries, which can expose workers to blood-borne viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Skin penetrating injuries may also expose workers to other infection risks, such as tetanus, and sharps used in veterinary practice may expose workers.
  5. ates risk from Needlestick Injury; IV. Criteria: Source Population (A) Score +1: Known HIV positive AND Acute These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term HIV Risk Assessment Stratification Protocol. Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser.

Needstick Injury - Student Health - LSU Health New Orlean

  1. It is acknowledged that needle stick injuries that occur from needles used to access intravenous lines are low risk however, uniformity of access leads to less confusion and increased compliance with other safety devices. Product selection. When considering safety-engineered medical devices the following selection criteria should be considered
  2. istration of post-exposure prophylaxis may reduce the chance of seroconversion to some pathogens. The.
  3. sharps injury, 2 particularly if this occurs out of hours. This review presents a summary of the immediate management of sharps injuries and outlines the risk assessment and management strategies to prevent the transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus. What is a sharps injury? A sharps injury occurs when a sharp object such.
  4. S. Depending on the risk assessment, the provision of short term (4 weeks) of antiretroviral drugs 6. Follow up and support Exposure which may place an HCP at risk of blood-borne infection is defined as: 1. Per cutaneous injury (e.g. needle-stick or cut with a sharp instrument), 2. Contact with the mucous membranes of the eye or mouth, 3
  5. Many healthcare workers do not know how to manage a sharps injury, 2 particularly if this occurs out of hours. This review presents a summary of the immediate management of sharps injuries and outlines the risk assessment and management strategies to prevent the transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus
  6. ate or reduce the risk of an injury. To help achieve this, you must carry out a sharps risk assessment

Potential risk factors for needle stick injuries were selected based on reviewing previous literature and developing our own hypotheses on factors that might increase the risk of sustaining a needle stick injury in sub-Saharan Africa. The assessment of the risk factors was based on self-reported answers to the questionnaire Why Needlestick Injuries are so Serious: Needlestick injuries are serious because they pose an unknown potential for risk. Injuries from sharps can also lead to these risks. Sharps include needles, scalpels, razor blades, scissors, lancets or anything that can cut the skin. Diseases that can be transferred by needles or sharps include A needle-stick injury can be a devastating event. Although the risk of contracting a blood-borne pathogen is low, the psychological trauma that follows the injury can be disabling. However, where the risk is significant, the immediate administration of post-exposure prophylaxis may reduce the chance of seroconversion to some pathogens Questioning the Three Out of a Thousand Estimate. In a popularly referenced 1989 study, researchers suggested that the risk of acquiring HIV from a single needlestick injury involving HIV-contaminated blood was around 0.32 percent, or roughly three cases out of every 1,000 injuries. 2

Introduction. Clinical practice is the only way for nursing students to gain experience. However, given the special nature of hospital work, nursing students face various occupational hazards during clinical practice, among which needlestick injuries (NSI) are the most common (1-3).NSI usually occur in medical staff in hospitals, clinics and laboratories Where a needlestick injury occurs it is necessary to undertake a risk assessment, to offer counselling and Post Exposure Prophylaxis and treatment where necessary. 3.16 Much of the OHSS information concerning an individual member of staff is paper based and not readily transferable between OHSS Needlestick injury. Immediate action. Click card to see definition . Tap card to see definition . i) Call for help. - someone to relieve you & look after pt. ii) Encourage bleeding of wound. iii) Wash wound with soap & water. iv) Risk assessment for ?PEP Box 1: Injury type. High-Risk Injury. Low-Risk Injury. Percutaneous exposure e.g. needlestick or other sharps injury. Exposure on broken skin. Mucous membrane exposure (e.g. eye) Splash on intact skin - there is no known risk of BBV transmission from exposures to intact skin. Box 2: Body fluid. High-Risk Body Fluid Table 2: Injury Type High-Risk Injury Low-Risk Injury Percutaneous exposure e.g. needlestick or other sharps injury Exposure on broken skin Mucous membrane exposure (e.g. eye) Splash on intact skin. Table 3: Body Fluids High-Risk Body Fluid Low Risk Bo dy Fluid (unl es s blood-sta ined) Blood Pleural fluid Low r isk fluid if bloodsta ined CS

Needlestick injuries: how can we teach people better about

Needle Stick Injury In Nursing. Everyday nurses are exposed to many different types of harm in their healthcare setting. Nurses constantly deal with possible injury from lifting a patient, exposure to blood borne pathogens, and experiencing fatigue, along with emotional stress. One type of hazard that has been an issue in the healthcare setting. A comparison of 1993 and 2001 percutaneous injury rates for nurses documented a 51 percent reduction in needlestick injuries, supporting the use of new technology in reducing percutaneous injury risk. 141 More recently, results from a number of intervention studies have found the use of safer needles systems reduced injury. 142-146 A study of. which have no or low risk of needlestick injuries. Conventional devices may only be used when there . is a formal risk assessment and the occupational . health doctor concludes no risk is present, based on the patient being known to be negative for dangerous bloodborne viruses. Page 4 3/31/1 Sharps and needlestick injuries are highly underreported. According to a Swiss study, the highest level of non-reporting needlestick injuries is among doctors . The main reasons identified were desensitisation (seeing injuries as business as normal) and underestimating the real risk

Preventing Needlesticks and Sharps Injuries: Reflecting on the 20th Anniversary of the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act. November marked the 20th anniversary of the passage of the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act (PL 106-430) into law. The act required that OSHA amend its Bloodborne Pathogens Standard to include additional protections. Occupational Needle Stick Injuries*. The EU has adopted new regulations being the law in Ireland which follows EU law provides that there is an obligation on healthcare employers which would include both the HSE and doctors to prevent needle stick injuries and blood born infections to healthcare workers from sharp objects such as hypodermic needles, suture needles, scalpels and other blades A needlestick injury is an incident, which causes a used needle, blade (such as scalpel) or other medical instruments to penetrate the skin. This is sometimes called a sharps or percutaneous injury. In a Clinical Environment It can also refer to an eye splash injury, where blood or other body fluids make contact with the eye The person suffering from the exposure/injury is called the recipient. 7.1 Summary of Management The 13 steps should be followed when managing inoculation injuries .See Appendix 1b for flow-chart & Appendix 1c for risk assessment and treatment record. Step 1 Use appropriate first aid measures when an inoculation injury has been sustained

Needlestick injuries, discarded needles and the risk of

Most needle stick injuries are sustained during re-sheathing, dismantling and disposal of the needle. These are considered avoidable with good practice such as the use of sharps safe devices, avoidance of re-sheathing of needles and careful disposal of sharps. If the risk assessment of the injury indicates there is likelihood of exposure to. Risk assessment and statistical analysis To calculate the nominal risk assessment of occupational exposure (NRE) to blood-borne viruses, the prevalences of HBsAg, anti-HCV and anti-HIV among the patients in the different medical disciplines were multiplied with the prevalence of NSI among HCWs in the corresponding medical disciplines -Needle stick injuries-Infection-Blood spillages due to puncture wounds Affecting the clinical staff and patient. Training for venepuncture. Needle stick injury policy. Immunizations. PPE. Sharps Disposal policy. Procedure for spillages of body fluids. Pathology Health and safety policy. Training for treatment of wounds. 2 3 6 2 3 Needle stick injury: A penetrating stab wound from a needle or syringe that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. Sharps: Includes scissors, razors, lancets, scalpels, broken glassware, or other items stained by blood or other body fluids. Body Fluid Exposure: Splashes of blood or other body fluids into the eyes, nose or mouth

Needle stick injury 1. NEEDLE STICK INJURY PRESENTER:- MS. ANSHU KGMU INSTITUTE OF NURSING 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of the class, the students will be able to: • To introduce needle stick injury. • To enlist the workers who are on risk for needle stick injury • To enlist areas of sharps injuries result of needle stick injuries. More than one million needle stick injuries are estimated to occur in the European Union each year. In the community strategy for health and safety at work (2007-2012), the Commission announced its intention to continue its work to improve risk prevention, among other things, relative to needlestick infections.

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