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Cervical spine examination ppt

PPT - Cervical Spine Physical Examination PowerPoint

  1. ation Surface Anatomy Inspect from posterior aspect Vertebra Pro
  2. ation: Look Observe the posture of the head and neck and note any abnormality and deformity, e.g. loss of lordosis. Feel - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3b3578-Njg0
  3. Lumbar spine flexion - Forward bending - standing ( finger tip floor distance) 7 cm - 29. Extension - Back ward bending ( angle between axes of lower limb & body) - 15 -20 Lateral flexion ( distance between finger tip & floor) Rotation in sitting position - dorsal spine mainly - 45 30. Cervical spine 1
  4. Spine Immobilization C-collar application is the hallmark of our state-of- the-art prehospital trauma care Until 15-20 years ago, thought to benign All current guidelines state that collars are effective in limiting spinal motion and should remain until patient is properly assessed and cleare

Examination of spine. Cervical region Spine • 33 bones • 24 mobile individual segments - 7 cervical - 12 thoracic - 5 lumbar • 2 lordotic 1 kyphotic • Vertebral foramen • Costal process Anatomy of vertebra • Body • 2 pedicles • 2 sup facets • 2 inf facets • Trans process • Lamina • Spinous process • Cord - canal Relation of various parts of body Anatomy of. Using A Reduced Radiation Cervical Spine Clearance PPT. Presentation Summary : Next Day Exam Reduces Radiation Exposure in Cervical Spine Clearance at a Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center: A Pilot Study. Jonathan Phillips Clinical examination of the cervical spine. C H A P T E R 6 . 121. a C4 segmental origin. Other sources of trapezioscapular pain are a thoracic lesion, a local scapular lesion or a shoulder girdle . problem. Pain in the pectoral area. Another rare manifestation of multisegmental dural referenc

PPT - Cervical spine Physical examination: Look Observe

clinical examination of spine - SlideShar

  1. Spine from the side is S shaped. It has anterior and posterior facing, alternating curvatures. The curvature in the cervical spine is called lordosis and it's concave part faces posterior. Similar shape and name has the curvature of the bottom of the spine namely the lumbar spine. In the middle part, the thoracic spine th
  2. ation. When taking the patients history it is also important to ask if they have pain or symptoms in other regions such as their thoracic spine or shoulder
  3. non adjacent, fracture elsewhere in the spine zIdeally, whole spine should be immobilized in neutral position on a firm surface. zCan be done manually or with a combination of semi-rigid cervical collar, side head supports, long spine board and strapping
  4. d, and spirit. 2) The body is capable of self-regulation, self-healing, and health maintenance. EXAM, EXAM, EXA

described for physical examination of the neck and cervical spine relate to identifica-tion of radiculopathy, spinal cord, or brachi-al plexus pathology. These tests are often performed routinely by many providers with variable methods and interpreted in a vari-ety of ways. Several commonly performe Chapter 8: Physical Examination of the Neck and Cervical Spine In general, the neck viscerally serves as a channel for vital vessels and nerves, the trachea, esophagus, spinal cord, and as a site for lymph and endocrine glands. From a musculoskeletal viewpoint, the neck provides stability and support for the cranium, and a flexible and. Physical Examination of the Spine. 2. Radiographic Evaluation of the Spine. 3. Spinal Cord Injury. 4. Upper Cervical Spine Fractures. 5. Subaxial Cervical Spine Trauma. 6. Classification of Fractures & Dislocations of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. 7. Treatment of Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

agnosis, and treatment options for cervical spine clin- ical instability. A case report of a patient with cervical spine clinical instability is included to illustrate its presentation and management. Because of the orientation of the cervical spine facet joints, the cervical spine is designed for a great deal of mobility, but it lacks stability Start studying DPT Spine Lecture 27 - Cervical Spine Examination. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools While cervical spine injury is more common in patients with multiple injuries, isolated injury may occur following comparatively minor traumatic incidents. 1 A recent meta-analysis of 65 studies including almost 282 000 trauma patients, found that cervical spine injury occurs in 3.7% of patients overall, with 2.8% of alert patients and 7.7% of obtunded patients having an acute abnormality. Neck pain is a common complaint of patients presenting to a primary care office. Approximately 10% to 15% of the world's population suffer from an episode of neck pain at any time and 40% of the population will suffer from neck pain over a 12-month period. 1,2 Causes of pain vary from myofascial strain/sprain to myelopathy. Several guidelines on the management of neck pain have been. Cervicogenic headache (CGH) is a chronic secondary headache that originates in the cervical spine.[1] The headache begins in the neck or occipital region and can refer to the face and head. The specific sources of CGH are any structures innervated by the C1 to C3 nerve roots.[2

Cervical spine manipulation produced greater changes in PPT than thoracic spine manipulation in patients with LE. No differences between groups were identified for pain-free grip. Future studies with larger sample sizes are required to further examine the effects of manipulation on mechanisms of pai Examination and history provide important clues as to its etiology. For Additional Information See: Digital DDx: Low Back Pain. Function and Anatomy: The lumbar spine must support a tremendous amount of weight, protect the spinal cord and yet still maintain flexibility that maintains range of motion

Examination of Cervical Spine Vertebra Vertebral Colum

Cervical Spine Injuries and Neck Pain Thomas A. Kingman, M.D. Cervical Spine Injuries and Neck Pain Common problem Potentially very serious Injuries may involve multiple structures: • Ligaments, disks, muscle, bone, facet joints, spinal cord, or nerve roots Cervical Spine Anatom Cervical Spine Injuries and Neck Pain Thomas A. Kingman, M.D. Cervical Spine Injuries and Neck Pain Common problem Potentially very serious Injuries may involve multiple structures: • Ligaments, disks, muscle, bone, facet joints, spinal cord, or nerve roots Cervical Spine Anatomy Physical Exa PowerPoint Presentation Author: Jeong, Kyung Hwa Last modified by: Justine Hamilton Created Date: 6/11/2015 12:44:14 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: Children's National Medical Center Other title Anatomy of cervical spine.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. ANP 300 Exam 1 Review. Anatomy Guide. Anatomy Lab Questions. 09e41505a017f73e0a000000. Columna Paper Anato 2. Assessment of Pain Part_II-D Headache caused by disorder of cervical spine (bone, disc and soft tissue) demonstrated by clinical, laboratory and/ or imaging evidence. Need at least 2 of 4: Headache developed in temporal relation to onset of disorder. Headache significantly improved or resolved in parallel with improvement of cervical disorde

Ppt Physical-examination-of-spine Powerpoint

  1. CERVICAL SPINE ASSESSMENT . EXAMINATION POSTURAL OBSERVATION Sitting: Good / Fair / Poor Standing: Good / Fair / Poor Protruded Head: Yes / No Wry neck: Right / Left / Nil Correction of Posture: Better / Worse / No effect Relevant: Yes / No Other Observations NEUROLOGICAL.
  2. er stands next to patients head and places one handover parieto-occipital area to apply downward and forward resistance. The other hand is placed under the chin to catch the head if it gives way
  3. normal cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis (lost in spondylolithesis) Feel Check pain first. Temperature down spine Spinous processes and over sacroiliac joints . for alignment and tenderness. Paraspinal muscles . for tenderness and increased tone. Then lightly percuss lumbar spine with fist and note tenderness. Mov
  4. •Appreciate the potential contributions of the cervical spine and temporomandibular region on tinnitus •Identify patients with tinnitus that may benefit from multidisciplinary management particularly those that demonstrate somatic modulation. •Demonstration of a bedside cervical spine and jaw exam (time permitting
  5. exam excessive Cervical extrinsic extensors (upper trap/levator) contribute to excessive posterior translation during extension motions Alignment Forward head Increase in cervical lordosis Anterior translation Upper cervical spine in extension (~10 degrees) Lower cervical creas

metastasis to the cervical spine is uncommon.Whenabiopsyisneeded, staging studies will typically identify other sites of metastasis—usually extraspinal—that are safer to biopsy than the cervical spine. If no other lesions are identified and a biopsy of the cervical lesion is needed, careful planning should be done to ensur Radiologic Evaluation of Spine •Cervical Spine -AP, Lateral and Open Mouth (to see the Odontoid) Views -Swimmer's View to see junction of C7 on T1 -CT Scan outstanding exam to view bone anatomy and diagnose fractures -Flexion/Extension views: NOT BY NON-SPECIALIST •REMEMBER: THE PATIENT CAN HAVE AN UNSTABLE CERVICAL SPINE WITHOUT I thought I'd use this post to discuss the cervical spine, the cervical spine has some interesting points to consider when appreciating its clinical anatomy. Next time you look at an image or model of the vertebral column, look closely at it's lateral profile, the first thing you notice is that its not straight, rather its s-shaped

History. Clinical evaluation of the cervical spine in a patient with blunt trauma is unreliable. In a study of surgical residents' ability to predict cervical injuries on the basis of clinical examination alone, sensitivity and specificity were 46% and 94%, respectively. Because of these limitations and potential for catastrophic morbidity if. Physical exam • Palpation •Neck pain •84% patients with a clinical exam and fracture have midline neck pain Stiell, I. et al. N Engl J Med 2003;349:2510-2518 •20% of patients with a clinically significant cervical spine fracture with negative plain films have a fracture on CT scan Mace,S.E.Ann.Emerg.Med; 1985, 14, 10, 973-97

Spine Examination - OSCE Guide Orthopaedics Geeky Medic

Examination and history provide important clues as to its etiology. For Additional Information See: Digital DDx: Low Back Pain. Function and Anatomy: The lumbar spine must support a tremendous amount of weight, protect the spinal cord and yet still maintain flexibility that maintains range of motion List and perform key procedures used in the orthopaedic manual physical therapy (OMPT) examination of the cervical spine and TMJ. Demonstrate sound clinical decision-making in evaluating the results of the OMPT examination. Use pertinent examination findings to reach a differential diagnosis and prognosis Describe the biomechanics of the cervical spine, including coupled movements, normal and abnormal joint barriers, kinesiology, and reactions to various stresses. Perform a detailed objective examination of the cervical musculoskeletal system, including palpation of the articular and soft tissue structures, specific passive mobility tests. Cervical stenosis occurs when the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and is most frequently caused by aging. The discs in the spine that separate and cushion vertebrae may dry out and herniate.As a result, the space between the vertebrae shrinks, and the discs lose their ability to act as shock absorbers Flexion rotation test (FRT) Lie the patient supine with the cervical spine and thoracic spine in complete flexion. Assess range of motion with rotation to the left and right. This passive test assesses movement dysfunction at the C1/2 segment. The C1/2 segment comprises around 60% of the total cervical range of motion regardless of age

Cervical Examination - Physiopedi

Back pain is one of the most common presentations to Accident and Emergency and general practice. Common causes of back pain include arthritis, prolapsed disc, and muscular injuries.Occasionally it can be the underlying cause of other conditions such as sciatica.. The spine examination, along with all other joint examinations, is commonly tested on in OSCEs Clinical examination of the spine is an essential skill to master that will benefit you throughout your medical and surgical career. This article describes the basic anatomy and surface markings of the spine that will aid your examination and also discusses diagnostic tests for common pathologies

Provocative tests in cervical spine examinatio

Chapter 8: Physical Examination of The Neck and Cervical Spin

elbow_anatomy_and_examination_ppt 2/6 Elbow Anatomy And Examination Ppt Kindle File Format Elbow Anatomy And Examination Ppt Essential Orthopaedics-J Maheshwari 2015-06-10 Essential Orthopaedics is the fifth edition of this highly illustrated resource, ideal for undergraduate revision Patients with traumatic injuries of the cervical spine who undergo a surgical intervention are a great challenge to the anesthesiologist. The airway management inherently involves movements of the cervical spine that may aggravate pre-existing injury. Currently there is not a consensus for the technique of intubation of these patients FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY. The cervical spine's range of motion is approximately 80° to 90° of flexion, 70° of extension, 20° to 45° of lateral flexion, and up to 90° of rotation to both sides. 16 However, movement in the cervical spine is complex, because pure uniplanar movement does not accurately portray the motion between cervical levels, and movement into any range is not the simple sum of. spine •Legs only, low cervical, thoracic . A good neurologic exam •Begins in the waiting room •Includes functional tasks e.g. crouching, repetitive hand opening •Is comprehensive: motor, sensory, reflex •Is reliable . When cervical myelopathy i

Cervical Radiculopathy Causes and Risk Factors. Damage can occur as a result of pressure from material from a ruptured disc, degenerative changes in bones, arthritis, or other injuries that put. Differential Diagnosis of the Cervical Spine: Spinal Masqueraders Ricky James Placide A multitude of pathologic conditions can affect the structure and function of the cervical spine, contributing to a variety of signs and symptoms. These conditions can be categorized as degenerative, traumatic, infectious, neoplastic, congenital, inflammatory, autoimmune, and vascular EXAM Cervical Spine Innervations Refer for Weakness. Deep Tendon Reflexes Red Flags • Asymetry • Brisk. Physical Exam Red Flags RADICULOPATHY VS. MYELOPATHY REFER. Upper Motor Signs Myelopathy Red Flags Microsoft PowerPoint - Levine_OCC MED ONE HOUR.pptx Author Chapter 21: Neck and Cervical Spine Injuries . The anterior and lateral aspects of the neck contain a wide variety of vital structures, yet have no bony protection. Partial protection is provided by the cervical muscles, the mandible, and the shoulder girdle. Williams/Sperryn report that back and neck injuries form 10%-20% of sports injuries

PowerPoint presentations are used and participants receive a manual with all course materials printed. The IAOM-US Cervical course takes an in-depth look at lower and cervical spine joints and segmental biomechanics and pathoanatomy (including primary and secondary discogenic and zygapophyseal dysfunctions), cervical radiculopathies, functional. • The examination begins in the neck • Look for tracheal deviation • Look for distended neck veins • Look for symmetric motion of the chest wall -Cervical spine -FAST Ultrasound • Insert Foley and Gastric Tube . Re-evaluate ABC • If the patient remains hypotensive after

Spine Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA

410-448-6400. Request an Appointment. Degeneration of the cervical spine can result in several different conditions that cause problems. These are usually divided between problems that come from mechanical problems in the neck and problems which come from nerves being irritated or pinched. A cervical radiculopathy is a problem that results when. Nanfang Xu. Description. Cervical spine fractures, commonly known as 'broken neck', typically happen in high-energy traumas such as motor vehicle accidents, and account for the majority of fractures of the spinal column, as the cervical spine represents the part of the spine that is the most mobile and the most vulnerable to injury Decubitus ulcer from immobilization on a rigid spine board/cervical collar. Children often sustain significant injury to the intrathoracic structures without evidence of thoracic skeletal trauma. A normal initial examination of the abdomen does not exclude a significant intraabdominal injury

Cervical myelopathy encompasses a range of symptoms and examination findings including motor and sensory abnormalities related to dysfunction of the cervical spinal cord. Early thinking attributed the signs and symptoms of cervical myelopathy to an intrinsic dysfunction of the nervous system The cervical spine provides the greatest range of motion (ROM) among the segments of the spinal column. However, the spinal cord is the most vulnerable in this location of the spinal column. Because of the important role of the cervical vertebrae in protecting the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots, injury to this area can have catastrophic. Introduction. The cervical spine, particularly the craniocervical junction, is one of the most common sites of RA. According to the literature, the prevalence of cervical spine lesions of any kind among RA patients ranges between 25% and 86%, although only a small percentage (between 7% and 34%) will develop severe neurological symptoms requiring surgery [1, 2] y found in the lumbar region. They usually originate as monoradicular compression syndrome mimicking disc herniation. In the cervical spine, they are rare and also have similar clinical features to intervertebral disc protrusion. However, the image findings are highly discriminative and often lead to accurate diagnosis. The cyst occupies a posterolateral position within the spinal canal.

Elementary Goals In The Treatment Of Degenerative Lumbar PPT. Presentation Summary : Spine 2002. 2 Ploumis, Spine . 2005 . 3 Schwab, Spine. 2006. 2Dparametresomly :lateral listhesis. In lumbar curves. As reported in the literature, rotator Cervical Spine Conditions (cont.) Cervical strain. Usually, sternocleidomastoid or upper trapezius Physical examination testing. If, at anytime, movement leads to increased acute pain or change in sensation or the individual resists moving the spine, a significant injury should be assumed and EMS activated LWW PPT Slide Template Master. Cervical collar and supine position on gurney, scoop stretcher, vacuum mattress, or backboard. If patient is unable to tolerate a collar, supine position, or backboard this MUST be clearly documented in the ePCR. If needed, hold manual c-spine instead of forcing a collar onto patien Cervical Spine. Learning objectives By the end of this activity, participants will be able to: Canadian C Spine Rule Note: Complete exam of the cervical spine MUST include all of C7 and at least superior endplate of T1. If cervical spine trauma known -> CT. PowerPoint Presentation Author: Kali X

Diagnosis and Treatment of Cervical Spine Clinical Instabilit

A hypolordotic curve of the cervical vertebrae was noted upon visual examination. Treatment using chiropractic techniques led to 90% pre-injury strength. The patient later returned with further neuropathy signs and symptoms. A differential diagnosis included thoracic outlet syndrome or disk herniation of the cervical vertebrae Assessing neurology: Neurological examination in cervical spine injury is very important, however examination can be difficult due to pain, age or developmental state of the child and altered conscious state Concerning neurology: objective motor neurology or objective anatomical sensory alteration Less concerning neurology: transient/improving or subjective sensory impairment which is varying. Cervical Spine •Cervical spine radiography has been supplanted by CT in high‐risk patients, so the problem of missed injuries should be reduced. CT sensitivity is very high, (99%), and the problem of inadequate radiographs in major trauma victims is virtually eliminated by CT

Recognizing and Managing Traumatic Neck Injuries - JEMSTreatment of cervical vertebral (C1) metastasis of lung

scoliosis, history of cervical spine injury /surgery.] 6. Abnormal torso exam refers to evidence of substantial torso injury, defined as injuries thought to be potentially life threatening to the thorax including the chest wall, abdomen, flanks, back and pelvis with an unstable chest wall, abdominal distension or significan Brief review of cervical spine and shoulder anatomy Microsoft PowerPoint - J-Differential Diagnosis of the cervical spine for shoulder symp.ppt [Compatibility Mode] Author: Chassmain Created Date: 3/27/2014 11:45:42 AM.

For study, it is best to divide the cervical spine into upper and lower regions because of its anatomic design and functional arrangement. The upper spine is composed of the occipital condyles, the atlas, and the axis. It is different morphologically and functionally from the lower cervical spine that is made up of vertebrae C3-C7 PPT. Download Free PDF. Free PDF. Download with Google Download with Facebook. or. all patients with spinal impairments should learn regardless of their functional level at the time of examination and initial treatment. no pillow extends the spine. To maintain the cervical spine in neutral alignment without rotation, a split table or a.

Exercise Suggestion For Degenerative Disc Disease - WomenPPT - Physical and Radiographic Examination of the Spine

DPT Spine Lecture 27 - Cervical Spine Examination

RACGP - Cervical spine - assessment following traum

Cervical spine examination Positional diagnosis: oUsing articular pillars and soft tissue surrounding the pillars oWhich side appears more posterior (closer to the table) when comparing side to side oThe side that appears more posterior is rotated to that side and thus side-bent to that side oCompare in flexion and extensio He was tender over the mid-cervical spine. Initial neurological examination revealed bilateral reduction in sensation to light touch over the C6-C8 distribution and reduced power in wrist flexion bilaterally. In the lower limbs there was symmetrical reduction in sensation extending up to the T12 level Chapter 14 describes the anatomy of the cervical spine, examination of noncatastrophic cervical spine conditions, and injury to the brachial plexus. Clinical Anatomy With the exception the foramen magnum , a small opening on the skull's base through which the brainstem and spinal cord pass, the brain is almost fully encased in bone ( Fig. 20-1 ) cervical spine (including alar ligament testing), mobility of the cervical vertebral column (including a segmental exam of the cervical spine), compression and distraction of the cervical spine, palpation, pain, and a neurologic exam. 2,5,6,7. The clinical neck torsion nystagmus test is commonly used for diagnosis although it is no

Chronic cervical degeneration is the most common cause of progressive spinal cord and nerve root compression. In fact, ~70% of asymptomatic people >70 years have degeneration in cervical spine. These spondylotic (arthritic) changes can result in stenosis of the spinal canal, lateral recess, and/or foramina Epidemiology. Incidence. 2-5% of all spinal cord injuries. 83% involve the cervical spine. Demographics. male:female ratio of approx.1.5:1. cervical spine injuries more common in children aged <8 years due to large head-to-body ratio. thoracolumbar spine injuries more common in children aged >8 years. Anatomic location The spine is divided into four sections: the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacrococcygeal vertebrae. The anterior column of the spine includes the anterior longitudinal ligament, anterior portion. Motion palpation of the cervical spine. Old manual pages 66-69, new manual pgs 60-63. Complete 1 LC1000. Demonstrate Cervical quick scan. Homework:-Watch you tube video on how to motion palpate the thoracic spine. Practice quick scan for test next week in lab. 2 All labs: exam: Students graded on cervical quick scan in beginning of lab class.

PPT - Head injury PowerPoint Presentation, free downloadPPT - Anatomy and Physical Examination of the Lower Back

Neck Pain: Diagnosis And Managemen

Given that upper cervical disorders occur at the meeting place of your skull and spine, it's no surprise that neck pain and headache in the back of the head are the most common symptoms. People with a craniocervical disorder often experience neck pain and headache together—and both symptoms tend to worsen with movement in the head and neck Cervical spondylosis can be thought of as grey hair of the spine. This means that if you live long enough, x-rays of your spine will eventually show signs of spinal osteoarthritis in your neck. Presentation. Mrs. P is a forty-two year old woman who was involved in a motor vehicle accident ten years ago. Since then, her neck has never felt right What You Should Know About Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease. Degeneration of the discs particularly in the moving sections of the spine like the cervical and lumbar levels is a natural process of aging. When this aging process occurs more rapidly or prematurely it is considered degeneration Visualize all seven Vertebra e (including C7-T1) Major pitfall: Inadequate visualization of the entire Cervical Spine from C1 to the top of T1. C7-T1 is a common site of Cervical Spine Injury (visualization is critical) Maneuvers to enhance view of lower C-Spine C7-T1. Pull down on arms during cross-table lateral. Swimmer's View

The Upper Cervical Spine and Cervicogenic Headaches

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a neurologic condition that develops insidiously over time as degenerative changes of the spine result in compression of the cord and nearby structures. It is the most common form of spinal cord injury in adults; yet, its diagnosis is often delayed. The purpose of this article is to review the pathophysiology, natural history, diagnosis, and management. The author, Jim Heafner PT, DPT, OCS, was inspired to write this e-book after working in a busy orthopedic clinic, struggling to find time to treat his patients. The Ebook takes readers through a step-by-step evaluation of the lumbar spine, cervical spine, knee, and shoulder. Each examination is centered around efficiency and clinical excellence Cervical myelopathy is a form of myelopathy that involves compression of the spinal cord in the cervical spine (neck). Your cervical spine contains seven vertebrae (C1 to C7), with six intervertebral discs and eight nerve roots. The spinal cord travels inside the vertebral column constructed from the front by vertebrae, cushioned by the. as assessed during physical examination, symptoms in the cervical spine, head, or upper extremities, a previous history of whiplash injury or cervical spine surgery, receiving spinal manipulative therapy directed to the cervical or thoracic spine within the past 12 months before the study, exhibiting a positive extension-ro

Spinal Anatomy Exam 2. Flashcard Maker: Rebecca Warnecke. 451 Cards -. 12 Decks -. 16 Learners. Sample Decks: Quizzies (Typical Cervical Vertebrae C3-C6), Quizzies (Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C1/Atlas), Quizzies (Atypical Cervical Vertebrae: C2/Axis/Epistropheus. Show Class. Spinal Anatomy concept of cervical spine clearance is explained, followed by a discussion of technique. Then vari-ous types of cervical spine injuries are described, from the craniocervical junction through the subaxial cervical spine. Finally, the limitations of multidetector CT, as well as normal variants and pitfalls, are discussed. Cervical Spine. The third cause of cervical kyphosis is traumatic, meaning it is the result of an injury to the cervical spine. This may be from a compression fracture of the vertebrae or from an injury to the ligaments in the back of the cervical spine. When a compression fracture of the vertebra occurs, the vertebral body may heal in a wedge shape